WOMEN AND SECURITY
CONTEMPORARY APPROACHES AND ISSUES
The article discusses the contrasts between the traditional conception on security and feminist viewpoints on the issue. It presents the traditional realist viewpoint on security and discusses the representation of women in state security structures as well as their representation in international organizations. It briefly presents feminist criticisms of liberal origin with respect to the lack of equal participation and representation in these power structures that affect everyone regardless of gender. The second part of the paper is dedicated to the discussion of the important issues raised by feminist perspectives on security and the specificity of feminist security studies. The widening of the security studies area is portrayed, as present in these writings: the overevaluation of the importance of state structures, in which women are underrepresented; the importance of expanding ‘security’ from the area of state and applying it to communities; the decentering of dominant modes of knowledge (the “normal”); the inclusion of femininities, masculinities, and gender is security analyses; the importance of issues like #metoo international movement and of the withdrawal of states in our region, East, South East and Central Europe, from the Istanbul Convention. The article concludes by asserting the importance of enhancing women solidarity in this region, including here the development of feminist security studies by applying it to common transborder issues.
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